Don’t know how to undo undue hardship in dealing with tax matters, especially when you pay spousal support? Just don’t pay the full amount of income tax.
By Steve Z. Ranot and James A. DeBresser, Business Valuators
Many support payers have been heard to lament that they pay 46% of their pre-tax income in tax and another 50% in support leaving them virtually no take-home pay. In reality, someone who pays 50% of their salary as periodic spousal support is entitled to a significant income tax deduction and should not be paying the full amount of income tax that would otherwise be withheld from their salary.
How to Undo an Undue Hardship: Applying for Reduction in Income Tax
Many taxpayers are unaware of subsection 153(1.1) of the Income Tax Act. This provision permits a taxpayer to apply to have the amount of the income tax withheld from an employer reduced where the taxpayer can establish that amounts required to be withheld under normal circumstances would cause undue hardship. The Canada Revenue Agency (“CRA”) does not require any demonstration of an actual “hardship” beyond the fact that the taxpayer will be owed a refund after filing a return.
Accordingly, an employee who is required to make periodic payments of spousal support is entitled to have his employment source withholdings reduced in order to avoid the undue hardship of having to wait until the following April 30 to recover the tax savings from those periodic support payments.
In order to qualify for the reduced source withholding, an application for reduction of the withholdings is made to the local tax services office on Form T1213 (copy enclosed) and is considered on a case-by-case basis. CRA will also accept evidence of large RRSP contributions, childcare expenses, employment expenses, carrying charges and charitable donations as valid reasons for reduced source withholdings.
Once filed and accepted by CRA, the request to reduce income tax deductions at source remains in effect for the rest of the calendar year. A new request must be filed each year in order to continue the reduced source withholding.
Steve Z. Ranot, CA·IFA/CBV, and James A. DeBresser, CA·IFA/CBV are partners in Marmer Penner Inc., a Business Valuator and Litigation Accountant firm in Toronto, Ont.
Reprinted with Permission
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